Newsletter sign up!
© University of Ottawa Press
The Copyright Pentalogy
How the Supreme Court of Canada Shook the Foundations of Canadian Copyright Law
Edited by Michael Geist
This title is available as part of UOP's open access (OA) collection. All UOP OA titles are available as a PDF download free of charge.
Click here to download the complete book as an open access PDF. To download individual chapters, please click on the chapter title in the table of contents below.
The Copyright Pentalogy was rated one of the Hill Times' Best 100 Books in Politics, Public Policy, History in 2013.
In the summer of 2012, the Supreme Court of Canada issued rulings on five copyright cases in a single day. The cases represent a seismic shift in Canadian copyright law, with the Court providing an unequivocal affirmation that copyright exceptions such as fair dealing should be treated as users’ rights, while emphasizing the need for a technology neutral approach to copyright law.
The Court’s decisions, which were quickly dubbed the “copyright pentalogy,” included no fees for song previews on services such as iTunes, no additional payment for music included in downloaded video games, and that copying materials for instructional purposes may qualify as fair dealing.
The Canadian copyright community soon looked beyond the cases and their litigants and began to debate the larger implications of the decisions. Several issues quickly emerged.
This book represents an effort by some of Canada’s leading copyright scholars to begin the process of examining the long-term implications of the copyright pentalogy. The diversity of contributors ensures an equally diverse view on these five cases, contributions are grouped into five parts. Part 1 features three chapters on the standard of review in the courts. Part 2 examines the fair dealing implications of the copyright pentalogy, with five chapters on the evolution of fair dealing and its likely interpretation in the years ahead. Part 3 contains two chapters on technological neutrality, which the Court established as a foundational principle of copyright law. The scope of copyright is assessed in Part 4 with two chapters that canvas the exclusive rights under the copyright and the establishment of new “right” associated with user-generated content. Part 5 features two chapters on copyright collective management and its future in the aftermath of the Court’s decisions.
This volume represents the first comprehensive scholarly analysis of the five rulings. Edited by Professor Michael Geist, the Canada Research Chair in Internet and E-commerce Law at the University of Ottawa, the volume includes contributions from experts across Canada. This indispensable volume identifies the key aspects of the Court's decisions and considers the implications for the future of copyright law in Canada.
Dr. Michael Geist is a law professor at the University of Ottawa, where he holds the Canada Research Chair in Internet and E-commerce Law. He has obtained a Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.) degree from Osgoode Hall Law School in Toronto, Master of Laws (LL.M.) degrees from Cambridge University in the UK and Columbia Law School in New York, and a Doctorate in Law (J.S.D.) from Columbia Law School. Dr. Geist is an internationally syndicated columnist on technology law issues with his regular column appearing in the Toronto Star and the Ottawa Citizen. Dr. Geist is the editor of From “Radical Extremism” to “Balanced Copyright”: Canadian Copyright and the Digital Agenda (2010) and In the Public Interest: The Future of Canadian Copyright Law (2005), both published by Irwin Law; the editor of several monthly technology law publications; and the author of a popular blog on Internet and intellectual property law issues.
He has received numerous awards for his work, including the Kroeger Award for Policy Leadership and the Public Knowledge IP3 Award. In 2010, Managing Intellectual Property named him one of the 50 most influential people on intellectual property in the world.
Table of Contents
Introduction by Michael Geist
Standard of Review and the Courts
1. Of Reasonableness, Fairness and the Public Interest: Judicial Review of Copyright Board Decisions in Canada’s Copyright Pentalogy – Graham Reynolds
2. Courts and Copyright: Some Thoughts on Standard of Review – Paul Daly
3. The Context of the Supreme Court’s Copyright Cases – Margaret Ann Wilkinson
4. Fair Use 2.0: The Rebirth of Fair Dealing in Canada – Ariel Katz
5. Fairness Found: How Canada Quietly Shifted from Fair Dealing to Fair Use – Michael Geist
6. The Arithmetic of Fair Dealing at the Supreme Court of Canada – Giuseppina D’Agostino
7. Fair Dealing Practices in the Post-Secondary Education Sector after the Pentalogy – Samuel E. Trosow
8. Fairness of Use: Different Journeys – Meera Nair
9. Technological Neutrality: (Pre)Serving the Purposes of Copyright Law – Carys J. Craig
10. Technological Neutrality in Canadian Copyright Law – Gregory R. Hagen
Copyright Collective Management
11. Copyright Royalty Stacking – Jeremy de Beer
12. The Internet Taxi: Collective Management of Copyright and the Making Available Right, after the Pentalogy – Daniel Gervais
The Scope of Copyright
13. Righting a Right: Entertainment Software Association v. SOCAN and the Exclusive Rights of Copyright for Works – Elizabeth F. Judge
14. Acknowledging Copyright’s Illegitimate Offspring: User-Generated Content and Canadian Copyright Law – Teresa Scassa